Swiss Cheese Vine
These holes are a theorized evolutionary adaptation! Naturally, the plant can be found in jungles where it climbs through tree branches searching for light.
Size - 4", 8"
Key Information & Plant Overview
Other Common Names: Monkey Mask
Binomial Name: Monstera adansonii
Care Level: Easy
Light: Bright to Medium, Indirect
Water: Allow top 2” of soil to dry
Pet Friendly: No
Looking to up your plant game? The Monstera adansonii has the wow factor. The fast-growing vine is meant to climb not trail. Providing structural support is key to creating a thick luscious jungle. Regardless of how you choose to take on the unruly swiss cheese vine, be prepared to spend some one on one time. It's a fast growing vine and will need semi-regular trimmings to maintain some semblance of organization.
The palm-sized, spade-shaped leaves are adorned with holes. These holes are a theorized evolutionary adaptation! Naturally, the plant can be found in jungles where it climbs through tree branches searching for light. The holes allow it to spend less energy on areas that may be overshadowed by the canopy above.
PlantX Top Tip: Provide your plant a moss or coco coir pole to climb on. This will provide support for the fast growing vine. And it will produce larger leaves.
How to Care for Swiss Cheese Vine
Light: Prefers bright, indirect light. Can tolerate low to medium light.
Water: Allow the top 2 inches of the soil to dry before watering. Water thoroughly and remove excess water. Do not allow the soil to completely dry out.
Humidity: Average relative humidity of 25% to 49%
Temperature: Average from 18°C to 24°C (65°F - 75°F)
Fertilizer: Follow a monthly fertilizing schedule when the plant is actively growing. In most cases, this is in the spring and summer. Use a balanced fertilizer - this means a ratio of NPK that is all the same. Ex: 10-10-10.
Soil: Use a well-draining, high organic matter soil mix.
Propagation: Stem cuttings can be placed in moist soil or water until it forms roots that are about 2-3” long then transplant to moist soil. Take a cutting with a node (where the petiole meets the main stem) and at least 2-3 healthy leaves on it.
Repotting: Can be done every 12-18 months. Choose a pot that is 2” larger in diameter than the original pot.
Cleaning Tip: Remove damaged / yellowing old leaves at the base of the petiole with a pair of shears.
Toxicity: Toxic. Always keep your plants away from curious children and pets.
Swiss Cheese Vine - Common Problems
The leaves are turning yellow on my Swiss Cheese Vine. As a plant matures they lose their bottom foliage. This is completely normal and unavoidable. If the upper leaves are turning yellow, you may need to reassess your watering routine or move the plant away from direct sunlight.
There are dark brown spots on the edges of the leaves. There are a few problems that create dark brown spots - 1. Low humidity. Monitor the humidity levels in your space, if needed you can increase the humidity by misting or with a humidifier. Keep the plant away from any dry heat sources. 2. Overwatering. Follow the watering instructions - allow the top 2” inches of the soil to dry before watering. 3. Too much sun. Although it enjoys a bright location, it’s best to keep the plant out of direct sunlight.
The leaves are beginning to droop and look very sad. Check the moisture level of the soil. Is it very dry? Monsteras like a consistent soil moisture level - allow the top 2” of the soil to dry and then water. If the plant becomes too dry, the leaves begin to droop and become almost lifeless.
Signs of Overwatering: New growth becomes soft and brown and the leaves begin to drop.
Common Pests:spider mites, and thrips.
Frequently Asked Questions
How much light does a swiss cheese vine need?
To achieve large fenestrated leaves on your Monstera, you’ll need to place your plant in a location with bright, indirect light. It is tolerant of low light conditions but it won’t live to its full potential. Close to a south, west, or east facing window is the ideal location.